Telangana will be possible if 4 major issues solved

Telangana will be possible if  4 major issues solved
Highlights

T Will be Possible if 4 Major Issues Solved, Telangana Employment Issues, Four Major Issues For T. Home Ministry Note to GoM says T “may” have 10 districts, indicating the number could go up

Home Ministry Note to GoM says T “may” have 10 districts, indicating the number could go up

Hyd status, water, gas and major institutions, and amendment of Article 371 (D) for employment are other issues

Telangana will become possible if four major issues are resolved, according to the note circulated by the Union Home Ministry on Telangana to the Group of Ministers (GoM). The note titled “Background note for the Group of Ministers( GoM) regarding the creation of the state of Telangana from the existing state of Andhra Pradesh” crystallises the job-to-do for the Central government.

The most important four things that the secret note suggests are: Article 371 (D), Status of the city of Hyderabad, water rights and division of gas and strategic establishments.

These are four crucial issues on which consensus is yet to emerge in the GoM on Telangana.

As the move for bifurcation of Andhra Pradesh has entered a decisive phase, the focus appears to be more on the status of Hyderabad and on handling of Article 371 (D). The note flags issues on which the GoM needs to focus on. The background note tells the story of the seriousness of the division of state like Andhra Pradesh and also government’s predicament in giving birth to Telangana. The crucial issues referred like Article 371 (D) as inserted by the 32nd Constitutional Amendment 1973 to provide equitable opportunities and facilities for the people belonging to different parts of the State, in the matter of public employment and in the matter of education.

Andhra Pradesh was divided into six zones for the purposes of employment. What is to be done with Article 371 (D) is an important factor.

The Note said, “Since the re-organisation of the State of Andhra Pradesh is being contemplated, and the process of reservation in Public employment for locals is expected to continue in the successor States, it would be necessary that the Presidential Order would need to be recast by amending Article 371 (D)”
The Note also identifies water for irrigation as yet another major challenge for the GoM. At least two major Inter-State Rivers, Godavari and Krishna, flow through the heart of Andhra Pradesh. This has fuelled the fears that the upper riparian State may stop release of waters at crucial periods to the lower riparian States. It also deals with the Polavaram Indira Sagar Project, which will be located in the residuary State of Andhra Pradesh and is to be declared as National Project. Water-sharing and power-sharing will be among the major challenges. Gas discovered in Krishna-Godavari (KG) Basin, too, will have to be shared. The note also asked the GoM to ponder over the status of Hyderabad. The city at present is administered by two urban bodies GHMC and HMDA. GHMC covers an area of 626 square km while HMDA region covers a total area of 7,073 square km.
Hyderabad is of utmost importance to the three regions, because of its potential in placement for jobs. With 79 per cent literacy, Hyderabad is also a major hub for software and information technology.
Interestingly, the note claims that Telangana “may” have ten districts indicating that the number of districts could go up. The note further said that greater clarity was required in regard to according status of National Project to Polavaram project as well as other ongoing irrigation projects under Jalayagnam.
Pointing to the heavy concentration of the institutions in Hyderabad, it noted that there are 28 Defence and strategically important establishments with national security significance. Besides, there are 40 research institutions. All these institutions attract people from all over the country. Apart from this, the Note lists the number Central Universities, research centres and presitigious national institutes like the National Institute of Rural Development (NIRD) and Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology (CCMB) and the Administrative Staff College of India (ASCI).
In medical facilities, out of the total of 17,000 beds in Government Hospitals in Telangana, 6,700 were located in Hyderabad. Similarly, it has 1400 out of 4000 doctors in Telangana.
The third meeting of GoM scheduled to be held on November 7 will deliberate on these sensitive issues.
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