All you need to know about autism

All you need to know about autism

All you need to know about autism.Autism is a severely incapacitating lifelong developmental disability that typically appears during the first three years of life.

Autism is a severely incapacitating lifelong developmental disability that typically appears during the first three years of life. It is the result of a neurological disorder that affects functioning of the brain.Autism and its behavioural symptoms occur in approximately 2-4 per 10,000 births. Autism is four times more common in boys than in girls. It has been found throughout the world, in families of all racial, ethnic and social backgrounds. There are no known factors in the psychological environment of the child that can cause autism.

The reason for the autism is unknown. Current research indicates that anything that can produce structural or functional damage in the central nervous system can also produce the syndrome of autism. Certain viruses and genetic conditions have been associated with autism addition. In rare cases there may be more than one autistic child in the family. It is believed that about ten percent of cases of autism can be accounted for genetically. Generally no one can tell why the child is autistic.

As of today the best treatment for autism is to impart to the autistic children a structured education and training so as to eventually make them self-reliant and suitably rehabilitated to live an independent life with as little help as possible. Research has demonstrated quite clearly that autistic children benefit by attending school daily only if the schools have highly structured, skill oriented training curriculum tailored to the individual. Autistic children need purposeful, carefully planned and executed teaching if they are to learn at the rate that is optimum for them.

Unstructured education and training does not help and it merely delays the benefit to be derived from a structured education and training.Data released from Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in April 2014 placed the prevalence of autism in the USA is at approximately one in 68 children, and in South Korea the prevalence rate is one in 38.There is no specific data available from India to provide an estimate of the prevalence, and it is unknown whether there are variations in this rate worldwide. However it is approximately, said to be one in 60 children.

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