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Water is indeed the elixir of life, more so to beat dehydration this season Dehydration can occur due to...
Dehydration can occur due to sunstroke when excess of body fluids are lost due to sun's heat or due to diarrhoea when body loses excessive body fluids and salts due to loose motions. It can also occur when you do extensive workouts in hot sun. Dehydration can also occur when you have high temperature and body tries to sweat more to reduction in body temperature.
Dehydration is a frequent problem in summer when heat and temperature rises above 45 degree centigrade. Dehydration is a phase, when body loses more water than it consumes or holds.
Tips to prevent dehydration in summer - It is a good practice to drink sufficient water in summer. An average human being should consume at least three litres of water or any other fluids to prevent loss of fluids in summer. Drink water before and after going out in hot summer, thus keeping the balance of water and body fluids intact.
- Don't wear dark clothes in summer. In order to keep body temperature normal, wear loose-fitted white or light coloured clothes with half sleeves. Clothes play a very important part in preventing dehydration.
Take fleshy and juicy fruits in summer to restore some of the body fluids which are lost in course of the day. Eat ripe mango, water melons and other melons family fruits and vegetables help in reinstate body fluids.
Administer oral dehydral liquids like ORS, or prepare fresh dehydral liquids by taking one litre of water, adding one spoon of sugar and a pinch of salt into it. Stir it well. Given in regular intervals, the ORS liquid prevents dehydration.
If the stage of dehydration level is critical, take medical advice and if required administer intravenous dehydral fluids. Athletics who do regular workouts need to take care of their body fluids twice than a normal person.
They should use sports drinks which are rich in sodium, before, in between and after a strenuous workout to restore lost body fluids. Excessive dehydration can lead to kidney failure and also death, in some cases.
(The doctor is Consultant Physician at Aware Global Hospitals, LB Nagar Ph 9848540595)