Potential of Jeevandan remains untapped
Doctors and medical experts have expressed dissatisfaction over the current level of awareness about organ donation in the two Telugu-speaking States.
Hyderabad: Doctors and medical experts have expressed dissatisfaction over the current level of awareness about organ donation in the two Telugu-speaking States.
Doctors, who are closely connected with the state-sponsored organ donation programme, said a lot of potential in the organ donation area remains untapped. According to Dr G Swarnalatha, programme coordinator of Jeevandan at Nizam Institute of Medical Sciences (NIMS), around five to 10 brain-dead cases were registered every day in Hyderabad, but the Jeevandan programme has been able to get one only brain-dead case for organ donation purpose.
The entire process of registration, organ retrieval and actual transplantation into the recipient’s body based on age and blood group criteria, was made on-line with the help of software provided by the National Informatics Centre (NIC). With this, the task of selecting the right recipient has been made easy and transparent with almost no chances for any manipulation. On top of it, the decision on who should get the donated organ is taken by a committee headed by the State Health Secretary.
If the data with the Jeevandan office at NIMS is anything to go by, the number of brain-dead cases, whose relatives have come forward for organ donation per month, varied between a minimum of two cases to a maximum of nine cases since January 2013 till date. Over the last two years, relatives of 101 brain-dead people have agreed for donating the organs of the brain-dead person and the number of organs retrieved from them was 460.
Of the 460 organs retrieved, number of kidneys was 185, liver 97 and 88 heart valves. Also, 83 sets of eyes, three lungs and one pancreas were retrieved. The most sought-after organ is kidney, while heart and lungs are last on the preference list. This is because transplantation of heart and lungs is most risky, expensive and chances of failure are very high, a senior official connected with Jeevandan programme told The Hans India.
As many as 19 hospitals in Hyderabad and 11 hospitals from Andhra Pradesh State have registered themselves with the Jeevandan programme. The procedure for organ donation, retrieval and transplantation goes like this: A particular hospital in requirement of a particular organ puts up an on-line request with Jeevandan office at NIMS in Hyderabad. Once Jeevandan gets a brain-dead donor, it informs the hospital which collects the organ and transplants into the recipient’s body.
NIMS has been designated as the Appropriate Authority for Cadaver Transplantation (AACT) and its day-to-day activities are monitored by Telangana state Director of Medical Education. Policy decisions will be taken by the Cadaver Transplantation Advisory Committee (CTAC) headed by the Principal Secretary (Health, Medical & Family Welfare) and consists of experts in the field of organ transplantation.
By: C Ananda Kumar Reddy